SEC sues Ripple – XRP price collapses and delistings begin

The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is taking legal action against Ripple for the sale of unregistered securities for $ 1.38 billion, via XRP. As a direct consequence, the price of XRP collapses and the delisting of cryptocurrency begins on some platforms.

SEC goes to war with RIPple

It’s now official, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is taking legal action against Ripple and its cryptocurrency, XRP . Ripple CEO, Brad Garlinghouse , had already informed the community about this yesterday , saying that the SEC is wrong.

The SEC therefore files a lawsuit against Bitcoin Revival, its CEO Brad Garlinghouse and its co-founder Chris Larsen . The latter are accused of having carried out an unregistered sale of securities for an amount of 1.38 billion dollars , via XRP .

“Ripple has raised funds, starting in 2013, through the sale of digital assets known as XRP in an unregistered securities offering to investors in the United States and around the world. Ripple is also said to have distributed billions of XRP in exchange for non-monetary consideration, such as labor and market making services, ”the complaint alleges.

The SEC also adds that Brad Garlinghouse and Christ Larsen have reportedly failed to record their personal XRP sales, estimated at $ 600 million . Ripple had been in the SEC’s sights for a long time, with the company even receiving warnings even before the public rollout of its project:

“Ripple engaged in this illegal offering of securities from 2013 to present, although Ripple received legal advice as early as 2012 that in certain circumstances XRP could be considered an ‚investment contract‘ and therefore as a security under federal securities laws. “

For his part, Brad Garlinghouse believes that this is not only an attack on Ripple, but against the entire cryptocurrency industry. He believes that the SEC is doing everything to curb innovation in the United States in terms of cryptocurrencies, and that this action could be followed by others affecting various companies in the ecosystem.

Is this the end for Ripple and its XRP?

The impact on XRP is already considerable. The price of the cryptocurrency has been in free fall since yesterday and is approaching the levels of last November, with the bull run of the market. At the time of writing these lines, the XRP loses -40% over the last 24 hours , from $ 0.50 to $ 0.30 :

As a direct result of the SEC’s attack on Ripple, the Hong Kong-based exchange OSL has suspended all trading markets including XRP until further notice. For the moment, it is impossible to know if other trading platforms will also make this decision.

However, many believe that all exchanges with branches in the United States are likely to delist XRP, so as not to offend the regulators .

The battle between the SEC and Ripple is likely to be fierce and full of twists and turns. Obviously, Ripple plans to fight with all the means at its disposal. Regardless, and even if the outcome of this case is favorable to Ripple, the reputation of the company and of XRP is once again tarnished.

XRP will be hard pressed to recover, and if further delistings occur in the coming days on larger platforms like Coinbase or Binance , the result would be catastrophic for the cryptocurrency.

What are automated market makers? About the success of Uniswap

In 2020, DeFi laid the building blocks for an entirely new financial system: payments, loans, asset issuance and swaps. This was achieved through a combination of stablecoins, automated market makers, liquidity mitigation, dynamic redistribution Profit Revolution scam of the liquidity pool, smart asset management, flash loans and more.

The growth of DeFi in 2020
Today we are looking at one of these aspects responsible for the explosive growth of DeFi in 2020: automated market makers (AMMs).

Growth of fixed value at Defi in 2020

Central Limit Order Books (CLOB) are the backbone of modern crypto exchanges. They work by aggregating bids and requests (limit orders) from market makers at different price points for different asset pairs. CLOBs generally work reasonably well with centralised exchanges, but the CLOB model breaks down when the entire exchange moves to the blockchain and goes decentralised.

CLOB on DEX does not work
The reasons are simple: every bid and every question, and every adjustment to those bids and questions, incur transaction costs (on Ethereum that is gas) because they are recorded on the blockchain. In addition, every order can theoretically get a front-run, as orders are prioritised based on how much transaction costs you pay instead of how fast you are. Some projects are working on layer 2 solutions to these problems with on-chain order books, but at the moment it is too expensive to manage an order book on-chain.

Automated market maker
Uniswap is a decentralised stock exchange that uses an automated market maker. The concept was first proposed by Vitalik Buterin at the end of 2016 and developed by Bancor in mid-2017, but Uniswap made AMM mainstream. SMPs solve the problem of maintaining a CLOB by locking trading pairs‘ assets into liquidity pools. There are several types of SMPs today, but they all use something called a ‚market maker with constant functions‘ to price assets and ensure that each order is filled for each pair listed.

For example, the ETH-DAI pair on Uniswap contains equal amounts of ETH and Dai at a ratio of $600: $1. If there is a $12,000 liquidity pool to trade against, this means that 10 ETH and 6,000 Dai are locked into the SMP.

Criticism of SMP
The criticism of SMPs was that they were only good for small transactions. Trying to execute a USD 1 000 transaction for ETH in a market with only USD 12 000 liquidity would have a huge impact on the price of Ethereum. This is quite separate from trading on centralised exchanges.

Enough advantages
However, despite possible slippage, SMPs are an innovation that allows you to bypass large, central stock exchanges. Not only for safety reasons (self-care), but also for convenience and accessibility. SMPs do not have as much compliance overhead for every market they support, and anyone can immediately start a market for a new asset on Ethereum. Centralised exchanges are no match for this. SMPs are very fast and convenient for trading synthetic tokens (think of a synthetic bitcoin on Ethereum).

Putting everything into perspective
Ryan Selkis of Messari says that decentralised fairs are not nearly as popular as centralised fairs. He makes a good comparison. Selkis sees SMPs versus CLOB in the same way as Bitcoin versus global currencies. Bitcoin is a bad currency compared to the US dollar, but a very good currency compared to the Argentine Peso or Venezuelan Bolivar or Sudanese pound. As bitcoin strengthens and overtakes other currencies, it rises on the currency rating.

Similarly, Uniswap is a ‚bad exchange‘ compared to Binance, but a very good exchange compared to centralised exchanges outside the top 50 in terms of volume. It is only a matter of time before Uniswap is in the top 10 in terms of volume. In the future, most liquidity for most markets will flow through decentralised exchanges, and SMPs will be a crucial part of that story.

Russia follows suit: Sberbank announces Stablecoin

Russia follows suit: Sberbank announces Stablecoin

The Russian state bank Sberbank plans to launch its own crypto platform for the acquisition of digital assets starting next year. In addition, the financial institution intends to issue its own crypto currency, „Sbercoin“.

The Russian news agency RBC reported on Monday about the plans of Russia’s largest bank, Sberbank, referring to the chairman of the board of directors Herman Gref.

He explained that the company is taking this step in response to the forthcoming Russian law regulating the crypto-market. It wants to offer services around the acquisition of digital assets with its own Bitcoin Millionaire block chain platform.
„Sbercoin“ is scheduled to come in early 2021

In addition, the financial institution announced the launch of „Sbercoin“, its own stablecoin, which will also be launched in 2021. This step comes as little surprise. The bank has been flirting with the issue of a Stablecoin for some time.

With the establishment of „Sbercoin“, Sberbank is enabling the rapid exchange of a crypto-asset such as Bitcoin into traditional Fiat currencies like the US dollar, euro or rouble.

Interest in crypto currencies is growing in Russia

At the end of July, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law regulating transactions with digital assets. This will legalise the purchase and sale of crypto-currencies. However, the status of legalised means of payment is denied to the currency.

Nevertheless, the interest in crypto currencies is growing, as Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin told RBC. However, he stressed that „it is important that owners of digital assets can protect their rights and interests and that shadow transactions are made more difficult“.